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Learn Present Indefinite Tense in Hindi | Sentence Making Rules


Simple present tense can be used for daily conversion. Do you know how to make a sentence in simple present tense?

In this blog, I am discussing Simple Present Tense. Before Starting the simple present tense, we should have to knowledge of Basic Tense.

After the study of Present Simple Tense, we will discuss Present Continuous Tense in next blog

Present Indefinite Tense (Simple Present Tense)

It is used for “daily routine” work and “habitual work” and also used for “universal truth”.

इस Tense का प्रयोगदैनिक कार्योऔरआदतन कार्योके लिए किया जाता है एवं “Universal Truth” के लिए भी इसका प्रयोग होता है |

हिंदी वाक्यों के अंत मेंता है, ती है, ते हैआता है |

 

How to make the simple/positive sentence:

When our Subject is “He, She, It, or Singular, we use s/es with 1st form of the verb.

यदी subject (कर्ता) He, She, It or Singular हो तो verb की 1st form के साथ s/es लगाते है |

When our Subject is “I, We, You, They or Plural, we use the only 1st form of the verb after the subject.

 यदी subject (कर्ता) I, We, You, They or plural हो तो verb की 1st form के साथ s/es नहीं  लगाते है |


Examples:

Ram goes to market. (Here we use ‘es’ with go because Subject ‘Ram’ is singular.)

 राम बाजार जाता हैं |

We go to market. (Here we use the only 1st form of the verb, because of Subject ‘I’ is plural.)

हम बाजार जाते हैं |

 

How to make Negative Sentence 

In Negative Sentence, we use “Don’t and Doesn’t” helping verb after the Subject.

Subject (कर्ता) I, We, You, They or plural के साथ "don’t" helping verb + verb 1st form का प्रयोग होता है

Subject (कर्ता) He, She, It or singular के साथ "doesn’t" helping verb + verb 1st form का प्रयोग होता है |


Examples:

Ram doesn’t go to market. (Here we use doesn’t according to Singular Subject)

राम बाजार नहीं जाता हैं |

I don’t go to market. (Here we use don’t according to Plural Subject.)

मैं बाजार नहीं जाता हूं |


How to make Interrogative Sentence:

In Interrogative Sentence, we use “Do/Does” helping verb before the subject and use the 1st form of the verb.

Interrogative sentences में “Do/Does” helping को Subject (कर्ता) से पहले लगाते है और Subject (कर्ता) के बाद Verb की 1st form लगाते हैं |


Examples:

Does Ram go to market?

क्या राम बाजार जाता हैं?

Do I go to market?

क्या मैं बाजार जाता हूँ?


Present Indefinite Tense Structure/Formula:

Subject + 1st form of verb + s/es + object + etc. (Simple sentence)

Subject + don’t/doesn’t + 1st form of verb + object + etc. (Negative sentence)

Do/Does + Subject + 1st form of verb + object + etc?       (Interrogative sentence)


Examples:

Ram plays cricket with Rohan. (राम रोहन के साथ क्रिकेट खेलता है)

Ram doesn’t play cricket with Rohan. (राम रोहन के साथ क्रिकेट नहीं खेलता है)

Does Ram play cricket with Rohan? (क्या राम रोहन के साथ क्रिकेट खेलता है?)

 

You purchase clothes from the market. (तुम बाजार से कपडे खरीदते हो)

You don’t purchase clothes from the market. (तुम बाजार से कपडे नहीं खरीदते हो)

Do you purchase clothes from the market? (क्या तुम बाजार से कपडे खरीदते हो?)

 

Adverbs of present simple tense:

Daily, Seldom, Often, Generally, Frequently, Always, Never, Ever, Every, Rarely

If we find adverb in a sentence, we use 1st form verb in the blanks.

यदी वाक्य में उपर लिखी गई adverb आती है तो हम वाक्य में Simple Present Tense की verb और helping verb भरेगे |


Examples:

Ram always ______ (play) cricket with me.  (Answer is ---- plays)

Sohan _________ (not go) to school by bus daily. (Answer is --- doesn’t go)

I ________ (learn) English daily. (Answer is ----- learn)

You _________ (not go) to temple every day. (Answer is ---- don’t go)


Rajesh Bhatia




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