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numbers-part-a


Born

Numbers Part A


Number

"Number is that property of Nouns and Pronouns which signifies whether only one person or thing or more than one it’s meant."

"जिस Noun से एक का बोध हो, उसे Singular Number कहते है", जैसे ball, orange, pen, house, tray.

These nouns are in the singular number. They denote more than one thing.

"जिस Noun से एक से अधिक का बोध हो, उसे Plural Number कहते है" जैसे balls, oranges, pens, houses, trays.

These nouns are in the plural number. They denote more than one thing.

Formation of Plurals

There are different ways of forming the plural numbers of nouns:

By adding:- s to the singular

(a) Most of the singular forms of nouns are changed into plural by adding “S, स, N”

Singular

Plural

Apple

Apples

Dog

Dogs

Door

Doors

Pen

Pens

 

(b) Singular nouns ending in by – y preceded by a vowel are changed into plural by adding – s:

Singular

Plural

Boy

Boys

Key

Keys

Day

Days

c. Singular nouns ending in oo, io, or yo and some words ending in o, preceded by a consonant, are charged     into plural by adding – s:

Singular

Plural

Bamboo

Bamboos

Photo

Photos

Portfolio

Portfolios

Piano

Pianos

Embryo

embryos

 

(d) Singular nouns ending in ief, ff, oof and some nouns ending in fare changed into plural by adding – s:

Singular

Plural

Belief

Beliefs

Roof

Roofs

Chief

Chiefs

Scarf

Scarfs

Dwarf

Dwarfs

Cliff

Cliffs

Hoof

Hoofs

Proof

Proofs

Gulf

gulfs

 

By adding – es to the singular

(a) Nouns ending in s, sh, ch (soft) or x form in plural by adding – es:

Singular

Plural

Class

Classes

Loss

Losses

Brush

Brushes

Dish

Dishes

Bench

Benches

Match

Matches

Box

Boxes

Fox

foxes

 

Note: When ch has the sound of k, - s only is added : Monarch – Monarchs

(b) Nouns ending in o, preceded by a consonant, generally form the plural by adding – es:

Singular

Plural

Buffalo

Buffaloes

Echo

Echoes

Hero

Heroes

Mango

Mangoes

Mosquito

Mosquitoes

Motto

Mottoes

Negro

Negroes

Potato

Potatoes

Tomato

tomatoes


Exceptions: Photo - Photos, Piano – Pianos

c.Nouns ending in y, preceded by a consonant, form the plural by changing y into I and adding – es:

Singular

Plural

Army

Armies

City

Cities

Lady

Ladies

Country

Countries

Duty

Duties

Industry

Industries

Library

Libraries

Story

stories

 If you find any problem to understand the rule of this topic, Please ask about your problem in comment box.


Rajesh Bhatia




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