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Punctuation and Capital Letters Part A

Punctuation and Capital Letters

"Punctuation is the art of indicating with clearness, by marks or stops, the meaning of sentences, and the pauses to be made in reading or speaking."

you can second second blog Punctuation and Capital Letters Part B

You can read third blog Punctuation and Capital Letters Part C

You can read fourth blog Punctuation and Capital Letters Part D

"वाक्य में उपयुक्त स्थानों पर marks, stops या point का प्रयोग करना है Punctuation कहलाता है | यदि ये Punctuation Marks गलत स्थानों पर लगा दिया जाए तो अर्थ का अनर्थ हो जाता है"


The cow said the master is useful animal. (Wrong sentence)

“The cow”, said the master “is a useful animal.” (Wrong sentence)

The cow said, “The master is a useful animal.” (Wrong sentence)

ऊपर लिखे examples totally wrong है |

इससे स्पष्ट होता है की Marks of Punctuation का उचित प्रयोग कितना जरूरी है |

Marks of Punctuation:

1. Full stop                             [.]

2. Comma                               [,]

3. Semi-colon                         [;]

4. Colon                                 [:]

5. Interrogative mark            [?]

6. Exclamation mark             [!]

7. Apostrophe                        [‘]

8. Hyphen                               [-]

9. Inverted Comma               [“ “]

10. Capital Letter

Examine the following sentences.

1. Mohan says, “Sohan is telling a lie.”

2.”Mohan”, says Sohan “is telling a lie.”

According to sentence 1, Sohan is telling a lie. According to sentence 2, Mohan is telling a lie. Though the words in both the sentences are exactly the same, yet the meaning is different. This difference is due to the difference in the use of punctuation marks.

Stops to End sentence

The usual way of ending a sentence is with a full stop or a question mark or an exclamation mark.

1. The Full Stop (.)

The full stop shows longest pause.

The full stop is used at the end of all sentences unless they are interrogative or exclamatory:


I am learning grammar.

Please sit down.

You cannot leave till you have finished your work.

* is also used for abbreviations:


M.A. (Master of Arts)

B.C. (Before Christ)

Note: The full stop is not used when the abbreviation is made with the first and last letters of a word: (Mr and Dr)

2. The question Marks or Mark of Interrogation (?)

The question mark is used after a direct question:

“What do you want?” she asked me.

“Doesn’t he hate drinking?” said the doctor.

Note: The question mark is never used after an indirect question.


She asked me what I wanted.

The doctor asked him if he didn’t hate drinking.

3. The Exclamation Mark (!)

The exclamation mark is used:

After exclamations expressing joy, grief, surprise and other feelings:


How wonderful to see you here!

Good Heavens! The plane has been high jacked!

Alas! He is ruined.

What a terrible sight!

How sad!

After wishes and commands:


Long live our Prime Minister!

Stop this cruel show!

Shut up!

If you have any problem to understand the rule of this topic, Please ask about your problem in comment box.

Rajesh Bhatia

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