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Punctuation and Capital Letters Part C

Hello friends,
I think that you have read previous blog of "Punctuation and Capital Letters" and understood about it clearly. Now we will study the remaining part of "Punctuation and Capital Letters" in this blog.

5. The semicolon (;)

The semicolon marks a greater pause than that indicated by the comma:

The semicolon is used instead of the comma to separate from each other parts of a sentence that are already separated by commas:


There are two things I knew about him: first,, his date of birth; second, his date of death.

It is used to separate pairs of words:

Principal, principle;

Gate, gait;

Check, cheque

6. The colon (:)

The colon marks a still longer pause than the one indicated by the semicolon.

The colon is used to introduce a quotation or speech:


Shakespeare says’ “Sweet are the uses of adversity.”

It is used before enumerations.


The chief properties of hydrogen are:

a. It is colorless.

b. It is odorless.

c. It is combustible.

7. The Dash (-)

The is used to mark a break or abrupt turn in a sentence:


If only I had saved the child- but why regret the past?

Before or after a list:


She had two sons – Pran and Prem.

Pran and Prem – She had two sons.

8. The Hyphen (-)

The hyphen is half the length of the dash. It is used to form compound words:


Hard-heated, pro – Congress, out-of-date, brother-in-law.

9. The Apostrophe (‘)

The apostrophe is used to form the possessive case of animate objects and nouns showing time and distance:


Rama’s scooter; boy’s books, a week’s time.

To indicate the omission of some letter or letters.

It’s = it is

E’er = ever

Can’t = cannot

To form the plurals of letters:

There are two t’s in the word “allotted.”

If you have any problem to understand the rule of this topic, Please ask about your problem in comment box.

Rajesh Bhatia

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