10. Quotation Marks (“ “)
Inverted commas or quotation marks are used to enclose a quotation:
She said, “What are you doing?”
“What are you doing?” she said. A
11. Quotation Marks with Direct Quotations.
1. Use quotation marks to set off a direct quotation or thought within a sentence or paragraph.
Mr. Hurley called our prototype “a model of pure genius.”
I was certain he said, “Campbell’s will accept delivery on Tuesday.”
2. Use single quotation marks to set off a quotation within a quotation.
“I distinctly heard her say, “The store opens at 9.00” said Gene.
My speech teacher asked, “Does anyone in this room remember the way Jim Nabors used to say, ‘Golly’?
12. A word about Dialogue
Correctly punctuating dialogue means understanding how to use quotation marks, commas, and end marks. Take a close look at the sentences in the dialogue sample below. They include the basic dialogue structures. The words quoted are called quotations, and the words explaining who said the quotations are called tags.
“I am really thirsty. Let’s grab something to drink, “said Horace.
“I don’t get it, “Horace answered. “ You’re the manager with the high-paying job.”
Quoted words are always surrounded by quotation marks. Place quotation marks before a group of quoted words and again at the end.
Tags are punctuated differently depending upon where they appear in the sentence.
13. Other Uses of Quotation Marks
Use quotation marks to set off unfamiliar terms and nicknames.
None of us had heard of “chutney” before we read the article.
He was dubbed “Sir Tagalog” by the other members of the staff.
2. Use quotation marks to indicate irony or raised eyebrows.
When we were camping, our “bathroom” was a thicket behind our tent.
Our “guide” never mentioned the presence of poison ivy.
3. Use quotation marks to set off title of certain items.
Enclose in quotation marks:
name of a short story or chapter of a book.
name of a T.V. program.
title of a poem.
title of an article.
title of a song.
13. Punctuating within Quotation Marks
Question marks, exclamation points, and dashes go inside the quotation marks if they are part of the quotation.
The doctor asked, “Can you feel any pain in this area?”
“I wish I’d never heard of – “Karen stopped abruptly as Nick waled in the room.
1. Marks Periods and commas go inside closing quotation.
“Let’s wait a few minute, “suggested Doris, “Before we leave.”
2. Colons and semicolons go outside closing quotation marks.
I can see only one challenge for the speaker of “The Road Less Traveled”: ambivalence.
The critic called the latest sculpture and ‘abomination to sensitive eyes”; the artist was hurt.
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