appIcon

English-Hindi Dictionary

Download App to Learn English for Free

sentence-making-rules-for-direct-indirect-speech


Born

Sentence Making Rules for Direct Indirect Speech


In this blog, we will discuss the Sentence Making Rules of Direct and Indirect Speech with Examples in Hindi, its explanation, and its variation. I will explain Sentence Making Rules of Direct and Indirect in Hindi. If you want to learn the Sentence Making Rules of Direct and Indirect Speech successfully, you will have to study the examples attentively.


Sentence Making Rules for Direct Indirect Speech


Rule No.:- 1.

यदी Reporting verb का Sentence present tense या Future tense में आये तो Reported Speech के sentence का tense change नही होता है |

'Says to' के स्थान पर 'tells' लगाते है

दोनों वाक्यों को "that" से connect करते है  |

Examples:-

Ram says to me, “I will purchase some new books.” (Direct sentence)

Ram tells me that he will purchase some new books. (Indirect Sentence)


Understand by a dialogue

Read the dialogue and change the sentence into Indirect Narration

Rohit: I will go to Jaipur tomorrow.

Rajesh: I will enjoy my Sunday tomorrow.


(Indirect)

Rohit says to Rajesh that he will go to Jaipur tomorrow.

Rajesh says to Rohit that he will enjoy his Sunday tomorrow.


We are giving some sentence to your practice. You can practice these sentences and find your mistake. Change the following sentence in Indirect Speech and write your answer in the comment box.

1. Mohan says to her, “You are very beautiful in the class.”

2. Sohan says to him, “You were going to school with Radha yesterday.”

3. Rajesh says to us, ‘I have distributed my property among my family members.”

4. Sonia says to him, “You are my best friend in the class.”

5. Monika says to them, “I will complain to the principal about you.”


Write your answer in the comment box.







Rule No.:- 2



यदी Reporting verb का Sentence past tense में आये तो Reported Speech के sentence का tense change हो जाता है |

If we find the sentence of Reporting verb in Past Tense then we will change the tense of Reported speech’s sentences.

 

Direct

Indirect

1st form of verb and Do/Does

2nd form of verb and Did

Is/are/am

Was/were

Has/have

Had

Has been/have been

Had been

2nd form of verb and did

Had + 3rd form of verb

Was/were

Had been

Had

Had

Had been

Had been

Will

Would

Shall

Should

Can

Could

May

Might

This

That

These

Those

Now

Then

Here

There

Today

That day

Tomorrow

The next day

Yesterday

The last day

Said to

Told

 

 

 

 

दोनों वाक्यों को "that" से connect करते है  |


Examples:-

 

Mohan said to him, “I can read English very fast.’ (Direct)

Mohan told him that he could read English very fast. (Indirect)

ऊपर के वाक्य में आपने देखा की हमने can को could में बदल दिया क्योकि Reporting verb का वाक्य past tense में था इस कारण से हमने Reported speech के sentence का tense change कर दिया |

 

Understand by a dialogue

Read the dialogue and change the sentence into Indirect Narration.     

Monika:  I am going to Agra in summer vacation.

Sonia:  I am going to America in summer vacation.

Monika:  Sonia. You are telling lie.

Sonia: No, I am telling truly that I am going to America with my parents.


(Indirect)

Monika told Sonia that she was going to Agra in summer vacation.

Sonia said to Monika that she was going to America in summer vacation.

Monika said to Sonia that she was telling a lie.

Sonia said to Monika that she was not telling a lie. She was going to America surely.

 

We are giving some sentence to your practice. You can practice these sentences and find your mistake. Change the following sentence in Indirect Speech and write your answer in the comment box.

1. Rahul said to her, “I will purchase new clothes from the market for Diwali.”`

2. Sonia said to him, “You had cut the tree by your axe.”

3. Mohan said to us, “You should obey your parents.”

4. Sourabh said to me, “I have talked him about Reena.”

5. Reena said to her, “My father is an Engineer in HabileSoft Company.”

 

Rule No. 3

Interrogative Sentence

यदी Direct का वाक्य interrogative form में हो तो उसका indirect बनाते समय interrogative Sentence को Simple sentence में बनाते है और Rule No. 2 के अनुसार वाक्य का Tense change करते है

(Said to को asked में बदलते है)

(दोनों वाक्यों को "if" से connect करते है)

Examples:

Ram said to Mohan, “Are you learning English from American Institute? (Direct)

Ram asked Mohan if he was learning English from American Institute. (Indirect)

Monika said to her, “Do you want a cup of tea? (Direct)

Monika asked her if she wanted a cup of tea. (Indirect)

Sentence no. 2 में आपने देखा की indirect sentence में हमने subject के बाद verb की2nd form का use किया है यानी present simple के interrogative sentence को indirect में change करते समय हम past simple के simple sentence में change करते है |


Change the following sentence in Indirect Speech and write your answer in the comment box.

1. Sonia said to her, “were you playing cricket with your friend?”

2. Neha said to us, “Have you finished your work on time?”

3. Neeraj said to me. “Had I cut this tree by axe?”

4. Mohit said to us. “Will you give me a cup of tea?”

5. Monika said to him, “did you read English with me?”

 

Understand this rule by a dialogue. Read the dialogue and change the following sentence into indirect speech.

Ankit: Are you reading English novel?

Mohit: yes, I am reading an English novel.

Ankit: Is Ram Prasad author of this novel?

Mohit: No, he is not the author of this novel?


 (Indirect)

Ankit asked Mohit if he was reading English novel.

Mohit told Ankit that yes, he was reading English novel.

Ankit asked Mohit if Ram Prasad was the author of this novel.

Mohit told Ankit that No, he was not the author of this novel.

 

If you find any problem to understand the rule of the topic, Please ask your question in the comment box.


Rule No. 4


यदी 'interrogative sentence' 'Wh. Group' के शब्दसे शुरू हो तो उसका indirect बनाते समय दोनों वाक्यों को 'Wh. Group के शब्द से ही जोड़ देते है |


Example


Mohit said to her, “What are you doing here?”

Mohit asked her what she was doing there.

Disha said to him, “Where do you live in Jaipur?”

Disha asked him where he lived in Jaipur.

 

Change the following sentence in Indirect Speech and write your answer in the comment box.


1. Rajesh said to him, “What are you eating in dinner?”

2. Navya said to her, “Where are you going in winter break?”

3. Sonia said to us, “Why are you disturbing me again and again?”

 

Read the dialogue and change the sentence into indirect speech.

Rajesh: What are you doing at the bus stop?

Disha: I am waiting for my school bus.

Rajesh: When will it come at the bus stop?

Disha: It will come in few minutes.

Rajesh asked Disha what she was doing at the bus stop.

Disha told Rajesh that she was waiting for her school bus at the bus stop.

Rajesh asked Disha when it would come at the bus stop.

Disha told Rajesh that it would come in few minutes.


If you have any problem to understand the rule of Direct and Indirect, Please ask about your problem in the comment box.


Rajesh Bhatia




News Feeds